Monday, May 10, 2010
Question : (Unedited)
What is dukkha and how does it relate to Buddist's conception of human nature?
Thank you for asking me.
Ask anyone who experiences hunger and who lives in fear for his life, and this person will tell you the true nature of this world...."Dukkha". "Dukkha" literally means "difficult to bear". He does not need to be a Buddhist. Buddhism is about universal truths. Switch on the TV and watch National Geographic, Discovery Channel, Animal Planet, and even the news. What do you see?
The inherent nature of this world is infested with Dukkha. Even to the most fortunate, the end will come. The three universal characteristics of existence are impermanence, unsatisfactoriness, and insubstantiality. All conditioned experiences bear these three traits. Nothing is permanent. Nothing can last forever without change. Because of this nature of impermanence, nothing can be forever perfect. Such is the nature of this world. It is very unsatisfactory...Dukkha. I would say the greatest Dukkha is death!
Failure to understand and accept this "Dukkha" reality, humans suffer in their quest to foolishly seek for perfection and eternity. They use their human intelligence trying to satisfy their unquenchable desires up to the maximum. But in the end, they experience unhappiness and disappointment because the ultimate goal cannot be achieved. The ignorant person is deceived by his flawed human nature based on greed, hatred and delusion in the conduct of his life, causing him to live a life that is "difficult to bear" --"Dukkha".